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Nationalism!

Tum zameen pe zulm likh do/Aasmaan pe inquilab likha jayega!!!

New Delhi, the Indian capital, witnessed a horrific incident on January 30… as if it was the replica of the event that had taken place 72 years ago! At 5:17pm on January 30, 1948, when Mahatma Gandhi was on his way to address a prayer meeting at the garden of Birla House, a young man came in front of him from the crowd. Nathuram Godse pumped three bullets, two into Mahatma’s chest and one into his abdomen, from a beretta pistol, at close range. The Father of the Nation fell down on the ground, with folded hands (in the gesture of Pranam), uttering his last words: “Hey Ram!” What a dramatic end for a person who had championed the idea of ‘Non-violence‘!!!
January 30, 2020… many received injuries during a peaceful anti-Government protest near Jamia Millia Islamia University in New Delhi when a 22-year-old man fired a pistol, before calmly walking away while waving the firearm above his head and shouting “Yeh lo azadi” (“Take your Freedom“), amid heavy police presence in the area…

Mahatma Gandhi's Assassination.jpg
Mahatma Gandhi’s Assassination

One cannot consider the latest one as an isolated incident, as a senior member of the Hindu Mahasabha praised the shooter immediately after the incident, saying that they would honour the man. It is to be noted that the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS), too, had described Godse as a patriot after the assassination of Gandhi. Today, the Indian State follows the ideology of Golwalkar, Savarkar, and others, who cannot be considered as true patriots. And, it may not be a grave mistake to add here that their ideology gives birth to people, like Godse, and the 22-year-old Gopal Sharma!
The history of the Hindu Mahasabha and the RSS since their births tells a slightly different story. The Hindu Mahasabha was formed to protect the rights of the Hindu community and to safeguard Hindu religion in the Indian subcontinent in 1910. The British colonial rulers had adopted the ‘divide and rule‘ policy during the Partition of Bengal (1905) in order to trigger hatred between the Hindus and the Muslims, tactically. Then, the All India Muslim League was formed in 1906 and the Government of British India created a separate Muslim electorate under the Morley-Minto Reforms of 1909. After considering the scenario, Gandhi backed the Khilafat Movement, thus, giving a big boost to the Nationalist Movement. However, the Hindu Mahasabha reportedly started opposing the Indian National Congress’ strategy to create troubles for the colonial rulers. Instead, the organisation planned to co-operate with the British rulers!

January 30 2020.jpg
New Delhi January 30, 2020

In fact, British documents show that the Hindu Masabha was against Gandhi’s ‘Quit India‘ movement in 1942. Even, the Mahasabha had urged people to save the Hindus from the Muslims and Christians, rather than fighting against the British colonial masters. According to the organisation, Muslims and Christians, and not the Britons (!), were the main enemies of India! Historian Bipan Chandra rightly stated that the Hindu Mahasabha, RSS and other Hindu communal forces had played no important role, as far as the Nationalist Movements were concerned. They did not take part in any movement, and organised no mass movements against the imperialist ruler. Unfortunately, they launched verbal attacks on Nationalist leaders and tried to sabotage the anti-British movements!
In the preface of his publication ‘Rights of Men‘, Philosopher Thomas Paine (January 29, 1737 – June 8, 1809) stated: “Government, even in its best state, is but a necessary evil; in its worst state, an intolerable one. Government, like dress, is the badge of lost innocence; the palaces of kings are built upon the ruins of the bowers of paradise.” (Common Sense (1776) ch. 1) This view is extremely relevant in contemporary India.

Gandhi.jpg

In a degenerating social and economic situation, the dominance of Capitalism has endangered human lives, and the concept of Ultra-nationalism has given birth to a different kind of Patriotism! This particular concept of Patriotism is based on the geographical location, biased concept of one’s faith, Hindi as a common language and Hindu ritualistic practices! It also leads to the concept of ‘One Nation‘, apart from encouraging Godses to disturb the fabric of the Indian society.
India is a nation of pluralism, and a land of multiple languages. Those, who accept this fact, are Indians in a true sense. They love the nation, its people, water, land, jungle, hills, rivers… and, love for one’s own country begins there!

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