A Factor Ignored In History, Till Date…
Scientists want Historians to rewrite the history of Central Asia, the Mongols, and also the history of Genghis Khan, the founder and first Great Khan of the Mongol Empire that had become the largest contiguous empire in history after his death! So far, History has claimed that Genghis Khan had played a key role in the destruction of ancient civilisations in southern Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. However, a recent research has revealed something different! The research, led by the University of Lincoln, the UK, has found that Climate Change, and not Genghis Khan, had destroyed Central Asia. Hence, the History of Genghis Khan should be rewritten. Many believe that the new research could change the aggressive image of this ruler, who had come to power by uniting many of the nomadic tribes of Northeast Asia…
The settlements in Central Asia were formed on the silt of Rivers Amu Darya and Syr Darya. History holds the Mongol ruler responsible for the destruction of those settlements in the 13th Century. It is widely believed that Genghis Khan’s invasion had prompted people to leave this region and everything was destroyed by massive looting. However, the recent research has refuted this theory, showing that decreasing river flow caused by a change in climate was a major cause for the abandonment of previously flourishing city states in Central Asia’s Medieval River Civilisations.
Mark Macklin, the Lead Researcher, has stated that this particular civilisation had easily withstood the Arab invasions in the 7th and 8th Centuries. “The civilisation, which practiced large-scale, irrigation-based agriculture in Central Asia, had recovered quickly after Arab invasions mainly because of favourable, wet conditions. But, it did not happen again after the 13th Century,” he stressed.
According to Macklin and his team members, irrigation systems in this part of Central Asia suggest that the entire area had become dry due to severe drought. As water could not reach the farmland in any way, people had to leave the area. Researchers also found that the abandonment of irrigation systems, fed by the Arys River, had coincided with a phase of riverbed erosion and a period of low river flow between the 10th and 14th Centuries. “Drought and food shortages might also have reduced the ability of these city states to recover from Genghis Khan’s attack,” insisted Macklin.
Massive Climate Change has repeatedly changed the course of Human Civilisations, and many of them are still unknown. In majority of these cases, external enemies or other humanitarian activities have been held responsible for their destruction. Experts are of the opinion that environmental researches will shed light on many such unknown chapters of History in the coming days…
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