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Problematic Age

No country in the world is free of problems; however, different countries face different types of problems. Each and every political outfit is taking advantage of these problems, in order to gain electoral mileage. The difference is only in application. In his publication ‘A World of Insecurity: Democratic Disenchantment in Rich and Poor Countries’ (2022), Dr Pranab Bardhan, the Distinguished Professor (Emeritus) of Economics at the University of California (Berkeley), has rightly mentioned that common people do not care much about inequality, as their only concern is job, as well as food, security. The Right-Wing Politics takes this opportunity to divert the attention of people from serious issues. The Right-Wing leaders are often seen highlighting the refugee crises, religious sentiments, and minority issues as larger problems.

At the same time, the Left-Wing trade unions have lost their importance worldwide in the last three decades. Factories are no longer the sure route to prosperity in Developing countries. Lack of demand has prompted many factory owners to reduce their volume of production. The rise in service sector employment typically reflects the outright disappearance of manufacturing jobs. Taking advantage of this helpless condition of the people, the State and Government machineries make them dependent entirely on various Government schemes. With the number of working class people decreasing, there is hardly any protest against the Government.

People are backing the Right-Wing Politics in order to secure their present, without thinking about the future. In the absence of Left-Wing Politics, it has become the responsibility of Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs) to explain the flaws of this situation to the common people. Where the light of education does not reach, NGOs would also have to take the responsibility of elementary education for children. The tasks are difficult, but not impossible.

After the First World War, the Left-Wing parties began to emerge in various countries under the influence of the Socialist Revolution in the erstwhile Soviet Union. In the next few decades, Left-Wing Politics became popular around the world, as it used to safeguard the interests of workers, farmers, the poor, and the middle class. The Leftists also played an important role in bringing down the imperialist colonial powers in different countries. The Soviet Union was the beacon of Left-Wing Politics throughout the world till 1991. Ever since the fall of the Soviet Union, Left-Wing Politics has weakened across the globe.

In the 1990s, Capitalism strengthened its base with the help of Economic Liberalisation, and the Crony Capitalism (an economic system characterised by close, mutually advantageous relationships between business leaders and Government officials) was in existence. Dr Bardhan is of the opinion that the Left-Wing Politics has failed to counter the Right-Wing parties that back Crony Capitalism. However, the internal conflict of Capital is becoming more apparent. By dividing people in the name of nationality, race, religion, class and caste; the Far-Right parties are running electoral dictatorship in different countries. As expected, people get confused.

Most importantly, the Far-Right-Wing Politics has largely assimilated the Leftist ideologies. It is needless to say that Right-Wing Politics ignores the Basic Rights of people while implementing social welfare policies. As Religion plays a crucial role in Indian Politics, the Right-Wing parties use religious sentiments to capture power (by spreading hatred on the basis of religion) in the South Asian nation. In fact, ideologies of Left-Wing Politics have encouraged the Right-Wing parties to implement various social welfare schemes. Right now, it is important to counter the growing influence of Right-Wing Politics in order to ensure a better future of human civilisation.

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