Accord At Paris & Then…
India has sent a strong message to the global community on Climate Change, saying that the Paris Climate Pact is non-negotiable and there could be no compromise on the basic principles, like equity and Common but Differentiated Responsibilities and Respective Capabilities (CBDR-RC).
Speaking at the ministerial session of the UN Climate Conference in southern Polish city of Katowice on December 13, an Indian official said: “We all agree that the Paris Agreement is non-negotiable. Therefore, the delicate balance reached between developed and developing countries must be retained, and the principles, such as equity and CBDR-RC must be given its due.”
The Indian official also said that the outcome of Poland Climate Summit should be inclusive, consensus based and an integrated package, expressing hope that all the components of the Paris Agreement Work Programme should reflect the global consensus reached three years ago while adopting the Paris Agreement. “Most importantly, we must stand with the poor, marginalised and vulnerable communities who would be most impacted by climate change to show that ‘WE CARE’,” he told the audience.
Meanwhile, the official assured the international community that the South Asian nation would remain committed to finding common grounds and supporting other nations on the basis of principles of equity and climate justice in order to ensure “no one is left behind“.
It is to be noted that New Delhi has always mentioned that it would be crucial to ensure equitable access to global commons for all, as it believes that the Paris Agreement signifies progress towards enhanced implementation of the Convention. The concerned authorities in India have so far taken all the necessary actions to fulfil the pre-2020 commitments. Commenting on the issue, Environment Minister of India Harsh Vardhan said: “While we continue to take stock of pre-2020 action and ambition next year as well, we expect that developed countries shall honour their pre-2020 commitments so that no undue burden is shifted to the post-2020 period. We also look forward to see the Doha Amendment coming into force as soon as possible.”
Additional Secretary of the Indian Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change A K Mehta has strongly criticised the developed nations – led by the US and the EU, for trying to dilute the CBDR-RC. It is unfortunate that rich nations are trying to dilute the principle within the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) that acknowledges the different capabilities and differing responsibilities of individual countries in addressing climate change, he stressed. According to Mehta, the developed nations should be aware of their responsibility regarding carbon dioxide emission and contribution to global warming.
Meanwhile, India has welcomed the recent IPCC Special Report which clearly states that “human activities are estimated to have caused approximately one degree Celsius of global warming above the pre-industrial levels and is currently increasing at 0.2 degree Celsius per decade”. Immediately after the UN scientific report was blocked by the US, Saudi Arabia, Russia and Kuwait, India said in a statement: “The vulnerable populations are the worst hit by extreme weather events due to a lack of resources to cope with them. The report enjoins upon us to collectively address the issues of climate change with the urgency that it deserves.”
Earlier, India, China, Brazil and South Africa had urged the participating nations to take into account the UN scientific report during the climate negotiations. The four members of BRICS made their stand clear on the UN report on limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial levels at a joint-press conference took place on the sidelines of Poland climate talks.
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