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On Neolithic Revolution

About 10,000 years ago, human beings adopted an agrarian lifestyle in what is known as the Neolithic Agricultural Revolution. Before the Neolithic Revolution, it is likely one would have lived with her/his extended family as a nomad, never staying anywhere for more than a few months, always living in temporary shelters, always searching for food and never owning anything s/he could not easily pack in a pocket or a sack.

The change to the Neolithic way of life was huge and led to many of the pleasures (lots of food, friends and a comfortable home) that one still enjoys today. When people think of the Neolithic Era, they often think of Stonehenge, the iconic image of this early era. Dating to approximately 3000 BCE and set on Salisbury Plain in England, it is a structure larger and more complex than anything built before it in Europe.

Stonehenge is an example of the cultural advances brought about by the Neolithic Revolution, the most important development in human history. The way one lives today, settled in homes, close to other people in towns and cities, protected by laws, eating food grown on farms, and with leisure time to learn, explore and invent, is all a result of the Neolithic Revolution, which occurred approximately 11,500-5,000 years ago.

The Revolution that led to our way of life was the development of the technology needed to plant and harvest crops and to domesticate animals. The Agricultural Revolution had a variety of consequences for human beings. It has been linked to everything from Societal Inequality, a result of humans’ increased dependence on the land and fears of scarcity, to a decline in nutrition, and a rise in infectious diseases contracted from domesticated animals.

However, the new period also ushered in the potential for modern societies and civilisations characterised by large population centres, improved technology, and advancements in knowledge, arts and trade.

Source: Talk Diplomacy (Instagram)

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